What Is the Process for Building A Home?
Building a home can be an ambitious but fulfilling quest. To make it as stress-free an experience as possible, it’s good to understand the basic stages involved so you can be adequately prepared. You could choose to manage this process yourself or engage a home building company in WA to manage the process end-to-end. Whichever option you choose, here is what you can expect from each stage as your home steadily moves toward completion.
Choose A Builder
Many people opt to start the build process by choosing the builder first. This way the builder can help in developing the home design, ensuring it makes the best use of the available land.
Your builder will be responsible for the project works including sourcing materials, supervising and coordinating tradespeople, and quality assurance. You can seek referrals from family, friends and others who you know have needed such services.
Try to choose someone who has worked in the area you intend to build as they will be familiar with local shire regulations and suppliers. Also, try to choose someone who has previously handled home designs like yours.
Ensure they are suitably licensed under the Housing Industry Association and Master Builders Association. Narrow down to your top choices and invite them to quote on your build.
Find the Land
This applies if you have started with a house design but did not already have the land. Once you have the house design, you will have established the dimensions of land needed to accommodate it. Remember to also keep in mind what amenities you will want in the neighbourhood that will suit your family’s needs and lifestyle.
When working with a home building company, they often have house and land packages that will allow you to choose from different locations which already have ideal designs for homes to be built using the block to the best of its potential. They may also have turnkey home design options or designers that can help you develop a custom design.
Choosing a designer attached to a building company will allow you to create your desired concept and detailed designs under a Preparation of Plans Agreement or ‘PPA’, and the team will undertake project management of your construction and connect with their network of experts your build will need including a structural engineer, energy assessor, sustainability consultant, and more.
You can get referrals to consider from family, friends, work colleagues, or even an online search. Ask any designer you are considering for their expert suggestions on your new home plan ideas to get a clearer idea of their skills. Your interaction with them will also help in determining if the person is someone you can comfortably work with. Ensure they are duly qualified for the job and demonstrate the capability to accomplish the kind of building project you want to undertake.
Once you have settled on your choice of builder and designer, you will want to have an idea as to what kind of home you want to build to guide the creative process. The size of the build will be of particular importance as this will also guide your choice of land on which to build. You need a property that can comfortably accommodate the size of the structure you want to be built.
Alternatively, you can start with the land you already have or intend to buy, and use that as a basis for your home design. Share the property plan with the designer so he can perform a site analysis that will determine what kind of design will work best.
Prepare A Contract
Once you make your choice of builder, the next step should be to enter into a contract. The contract will detail the agreement between yourself and the builder, and the terms of dispute resolution.
Before signing, review the contract carefully to ensure you understand and are comfortable with all the terms and conditions as making changes later may be costly and difficult. Attach required documentation including the builder’s quote, approved plans and specifications, and schedules to the contract.
Ensure the terms of your contract match what is required by local government regulations and that your builder will be responsible for such tasks as securing the necessary permits and licenses from the relevant authorities.
With the builder’s quote, you will have a firmer idea of how much the project will cost. You then need to look at your finances to determine if you have the necessary resources, or will need to borrow. Be sure to factor in other costs such as stamp duty, legal fees and other charges on your loan to narrow down what size of financing you will need.
Figure out how much money you have for a deposit before you talk to your lender. Also, consult with the designer or your solicitor to understand the contract and how payments will need to be made. A construction loan can be a good option as the money is disbursed in stages, according to works being completed. This should match the terms in your contract with the builder to avoid problems.
Once you have acquired the land, finalised the contract, necessary permits and approvals, and financing is arranged, the construction phase can begin. There are several steps to the construction process. These include:
- Excavation and site preparation – The site will need to be excavated to prepare it for construction. This involves levelling the ground, removal of vegetation and other interference and creation of foundation trenches.
- Foundation works – Once the site is suitably prepared, the concrete foundation and footings can be laid. Installation of under-slab drainage, moisture barriers and termite production is also done.
- Framing or building of the shell – This is when the above-ground work begins on the flooring, frames, external masonry walls, insulation, roofing, gutters, and cladding. Electricians and plumbers will also be called in to start the installation of essential wiring and piping.
- Door and Window installation – Once the structure is weatherproofed and you have had the doors and windows installed, they can then be locked to safeguard the property. This lockup stage means you can proceed with having tradespeople like electricians, plumbers, carpenters, tilers, and others come in to complete their work and interior finishes.
- Exterior finishing – As the interiors are being completed, you can also have the exterior work carried out, including siding, brickwork and stucco.
- Practical completion – Once you have the interiors and exterior completed, with the final finishing and installation of appliances done, the project owner can conduct a walkthrough to view the completed project. This is to ensure everything has been done as expected before making the final payment. The builder should provide a copy of all relevant warranties, certificates, manuals, and the builder’s written authority that all is completed as you carry out the final inspection and receive the keys as handover.
14 Jul, 2022